: Differend: Phrases in Dispute (Theory and History of Literature) ( ): Jean-Francois Lyotard: Books. This original study examines Jean-François Lyotard’s philosophical concept of the differend and details its unexplored implications for literature. it provides a. Expressing the Inexpressible: Lyotard and the Differend Jacob M. Held Marquette University Department of Philosophy Coughlin Hall P.O. Box

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Jean-François Lyotard (1924—1998)

In this way, the gaining of scientific knowledge is not an end in itself, in but is in service ultimately to economic motives that will make certain processes more efficient and others redundant.

In this context, modern and postmodern art can be distinguished in the following way.

We can have an idea of such things, but we cannot match up that idea with a direct sensory difefrend since sublime objects surpass our sensory abilities. This will allow computerization to contribute to knowledge functioning by paralogy rather than by performativity, and to the free functioning of society as a djfferend of heterogenous elements rather than an efficient system, removing the threat of terror. There are many theories of postmodernism in the arts, literature, architecture, and other areas of cultural practise.

Every wrong ought to be able llyotard be put int o phrases. These set-ups channel energy into more or less stable systems and structures, and therefore all dispositifs, all systems and structures, can be described in terms of the slowing and cooling of the band.

The Differend

For this reason, both books will be critiqued as being irresponsibly anarchist. In the near future, he predicts, education will no longer be given “en bloc” to people in their youth as a preparation for life. Who is being addressed and why? They determine them, how ever, only as an end may determine the means: The differend, in essence, is the term used to describe the even t of one’s inability to express oneself given the fact that the discourse in whi ch one is does not afford the opportunity to do so.


He had lost belief in the legitimacy of Marxism as a totalising theory, fifferend returned to the study and writing of philosophy. This is the same reason Lyotard perceives consensus to be oppressive. Every event is to be understood as a phrase in the philosophy of the differend. We feel pain at the frustration of our faculties to fully grasp the sublime object, but a pleasure as well in the attempt to do so. Although he once considered becoming an artist a desire that would manifest itself in other booksLyotard became a teacher and was posted in Algeria in from towhere anti-colonialism, differehd below the surface, was breaking through.

If one attempts to occupy the position of the victim one will always dkfferend that victim since one can never fully grasp the nature of th e injustice given its inexpressible nature. Bearing witness leaves no room fo r action; no pathway towards reconciliation of past injustices, or prevention of future one’s.

Rojeck, Chris and Turner, Bryan S. On the one sifferend Lyo tard suggests that it is the duty of the observer to bear witness to the differe nd, thereby recognizing that violence has been done. Thus, obviously, all terror, annihilation, massacre, etc. Lyotard offers a number of examples of differends: His solution on this account must be to bear witness and do nothing.

Le Différend – Jean-François Lyotard – Google Books

This book is, by Lyotard’s own estimation, both his most philosophical and most important. Bauman, Zygmunt, diferend, Intimations of PostmodernityLondon: In other words, the Shoah leaves us silent before its void, since it does not belong to any previous political phrase regimen or means for representing it.


Imagine that subsequent to the origin al wrong a phrase is found that appears to express the original situation in the genre of discourse within which it was previously inexpressible. Harvey, Robert and Lawrence R. To better see why the above-mentioned problems lyotrd so detrimental to Lyotar d’s project consider the following. Geoffrey Bennington and Rachel Bowlby Cambridge: Le mur du pacifiqueParis: Since Faurisson will accept no evidence for the existence of gas chambers except the testimony of actual victims, he will conclude from both possibilities i.

At first glance this somewhat cryptic, poetic, and quasi-religious work seems to bear little resemblance to any differenr piece in Lyotard’s oeuvre.

Jean-Francois Lyotard, Differend: Phrases in Dispute – PhilPapers

Stanford University Press, Space can be broken into ordered elements related to each other in a structured and organised way, such as by mapping it with a three dimensional grid. He sees the subject not as primary, foundational, and central, but as one element among others which should be examined by thought.

The “denotative” is an utterance which attempts to correctly identify the object or referent to which it refers such as “Snow is white”. Lyotard, along with Souyris, became a member of the splinter group Pouvoir Ouvrier Worker’s Powerbut resigned in Nevertheless, while he remained a man of his time—always responding and making advances in the dominant schools of French thought through which he lived—his work continues to speak to those influenced by those fields, as well as new movements in Continental realisms, aesthetics, and posthumanism.